design (APOE (Apolipoprotein E)) gene


Having Trouble Meeting Your Deadline?

Get your assignment on design (APOE (Apolipoprotein E)) gene  completed on time. avoid delay and – ORDER NOW

This assignment involves you designing some PCR primers which would help you clone a cDNA
of your gene of interest into the pUC18 vector. We will use some of the research you’ve started
in the in-class exercise with your DNA sequence.

Once you have found the boundaries of your gene of interest (start and stop codons), you will
design some PCR primers, which will bind to either side of the coding region – ie. they will bind
to the untranslated regions of your cDNA sequence.

Go to the GenBank entry for your gene and look for a link that says “Pick Primers”
You want primers that will allow you to amplify the whole coding region.

 Use the information in the database entry to help you figure out:

 The length of your coding region – this will be the minimum size of your product. The
“maximum” length will be the full length of the mRNA/cDNA

 The beginning and end of the 5′ UTR

 The beginning and end of the 3′ UTR

These will allow you to indicate where you want the software to look for primer sequences

 Criteria for PCR primer design:

The primers should be between 16 and 21 nucleotides in length.

They should have a melting temperature between 55°C and 65°C

The primers are designed in pairs to make sure that their melting temperatures are similar
(within 2 – 4 °C of each other), and that they’re are unlikely to anneal to each other.

The 3′ end of each primer should ideally end in a G or a C, and should have at least 2 of the last
3 nucleotides as a C or a G. This is called a GC-clamp and it ensures that the 3′ end binds very
strongly to the template strand.

Single-nucleotide stretches should be avoided (ie. you should not have “AAAAAA” or “GGGGG”
in your primer).

A useful thing to know:

Run your mRNA/cDNA sequence through WebCutter again, but this time identify any enzymes
that do not cut your target DNA, and do cut the pUC18 plasmid in the MCS.

Pick two of those enzymes

Add a recognition sequence for one of the enzymes to the 5′ end of one of the primers

Add a recognition sequences for the other enzyme to the 5′ end of the other primer

Recalculate the Tm of your primer pair.

Once you have found an appropriate set of primers, you will BLAST the primer sequences against
the databases to see if it’s possible for them to amplify any sequences besides the DNA sequence
of interest.

This is especially important for human DNA. This way, if you manage to contaminate the
sample with your own DNA, you won’t be amplifying unwanted genes.

 Once you have completed all the above steps, each group will submit a sheet which
includes the following information:

1. The Name of cDNA/mRNA, or the protein it encodes.

2. The Accession number of your mRNA/cDNA sequence (from the GenBank entry)

3. The two primer sequences including restriction enzyme sites.

◦ For example:
product length = 1018

Forward primer 1 ACTAGTACCAGCAAGTTGTTTTCTTGC 21 Restriction Site: SpeI

Template 61 ………………… 81

Reverse primer 1 GAATTCTTTAATCCCGAGCGACACCG 20 Restriction Site: EcoRI

Template 1048 ……………….. 1029

4. Melting temperature calculations for both primers

◦ make sure you include the restriction site nucleotides in the calculations

  • You should be able to easily find a melting temperature calculator online
  • 5. Include an appendix part at the end that shows screenshots the steps that you have followed to answer questions 3 and 4.
  • Note: when you’re trying to show the binding of your primers to the template DNA, you need to change the font used to display DNA sequences to “Courier” or “Courier New”
  • Explanation & Answer

    Our website has a team of professional writers who can help you write any of your homework. They will write your papers from scratch. We also have a team of editors just to make sure all papers are of HIGH QUALITY & PLAGIARISM FREE. To make an Order you only need to click Order Now and we will direct you to our Order Page at Litessays. Then fill Our Order Form with all your assignment instructions. Select your deadline and pay for your paper. You will get it few hours before your set deadline.

    Fill in all the assignment paper details that are required in the order form with the standard information being the page count, deadline, academic level and type of paper. It is advisable to have this information at hand so that you can quickly fill in the necessary information needed in the form for the essay writer to be immediately assigned to your writing project. Make payment for the custom essay order to enable us to assign a suitable writer to your order. Payments are made through Paypal on a secured billing page. Finally, sit back and relax.

    Do you need an answer to this or any other questions?

    Similar Posts